The efficacy of landscape photography is dependent on the contents and arrangement of the shot. Landscape photography is an aesthetic depiction of many natural views such as natural landforms, weather, ambient lighting, and waterfalls, among other things. Any and everything that has an impact on the subject of the photograph can be included in a landscape photograph. The purpose of landscape photography is not just the documentary aspect of the view that is being clicked on, but also an appreciation of the view that is being clicked on. In general, landscape photography does not include the presence of human figures; however, there is no such protocol that it can’t be included in it.
However, there are some fundamental technical requirements for effective landscape photography, and the following is a list of the technical support that is required for landscape photography: landscape photography requires more of an artistic view and photography skills as compared to the other styles of photography.
- Camera –Basically a DSLR (Digital Single lens Reflex ), medium or large format is required for landscape photography
- Lenses – Mostly used lens are wide angle lenses (24mm and 35 mm commonly) to capture vast scenery of the landscape.
- Filters – To reduce the excess contrast various filters are used like polarizing filters and neutral density filters.
- Other equipments – Tripod and a cable release are extensively used to achieve most stableness of the camera during the photograph.
Because the photographer’s hand and eye are where the original magic resides, a magnificent piece of landscape photography may be created even if these elements are the only ones included, but not if they are the only things that matter. The types of subjects that are photographed determine how landscape photography is categorized. Just like with nature photography, landscape photography is a broad term that cannot be broken down into specific categories. However, in broad strokes, the following are the basic categories of landscape photography:
- Countryside or rural landscape photography – Including rural elements in composition of landscape is rural or countryside landscape
- Urban landscape photography- It includes urban subjects and themes are based on manmade landscape such as buildings etc.
- Macro- These are close ups of various subjects such as plants small insects.
- Nature photography – Landscape compositing of natural elements such as waterfalls, coastlines, cloudscapes or seascapes are part of nature landscape photography.
It is possible to take photographs of landscapes that are only average by using the essential tools, such as a camera, a little bit of patience, and some artistic vision; however, if more care is taken upon certain aspects, mesmerizing landscapes can be captured; there are many fundamental techniques that can assist in the capture of effective landscapes. Some of the fundamental ideas that need to be taken into consideration are as follows:
- A particular focal point should be there which could hold the viewers attention onto the snap.
- Using a tripod provides more stability in case of capturing landscapes with a bulky camera.
- Maximizing the depth of the field so that most part of the scene can come in focus.
- Providing a leading line to the viewers which could take them into the image this could add more viewers’ interest in your landscape.
- Enhancing the basic elements of the landscape such as foreground or the sky.
- Creating a creative vision towards each natural scenes provide a large scope in landscape photography.
It is possible to draw the following conclusion about landscape photography: it is a photographic demonstration of creative visions and control over the camera, which results in a hypnotic portrayal of natural phenomena.