Portrait photography, also known as portraiture, is a style of photography that focuses on the facial expression, personality, and even the mood of the subject (a single person or small group of people). Portrait photography is generally conducted in an environment with adequate light, and it typically uses non-professional models as its subjects while using a basic photography camera. A portrait photograph is not the same thing as a snapshot; rather, it is a picture that has been deliberately arranged to show the subject facing the camera lens while remaining motionless. Portrait photography is often done for the purpose of private viewing rather than for public exhibition.
The discovery of the camera and its subsequent rise to popularity paved the way for the development of portrait photography, which was favored as a cheaper and more practical alternative to portrait painting, which was common practice before the introduction of cameras. The low cost, the ease of the process, and the short amount of time required were critical factors in the popularization of portraiture. In the past, portraiture was exclusively done in studios, but as photography methods advanced, a variety of different portraiture styles were also established, such as: – outdoor portraiture – environmental portraiture – environmental portraiture – environmental portraiture – environmental portraiture
- Candid photography refers to a kind of portraiture in which the subject of the image is not aware that they are being photographed; candid photos are often taken on the street, in a café, or by the side of the road.
- Posed is an advanced form of the candid photography style; in this kind of photography, the subject is instructed on how to pose for the shot.
- Environmental photography is a kind of photography that focuses less on the subject’s face expression and more on the setting in which the subject is captured.
Group–This kind of portraiture is done to depict the collective effort or relationship between a group of individuals, such as in the case of a college convocation or a sports team photo, for example.
In order for the photographer to successfully project the subject’s features and other parts of the picture, these various forms of portraiture need the photographer to work in a distinct atmosphere and use specific photography equipment. Shooting under the regulated lighting of a studio, which involves lighting equipment such as, is the best way to create an atmosphere for portraiture.
- A collection of lights that are utilized to totally project the features and three-dimensionality of a subject is referred to as “three point lighting.”
- Backdrop lights are used in the process of producing a compelling background for the photograph.
- Telephoto lenses – These lenses are utilized according to the necessity of the photographs, such as in environmental pictures where there is more attention on backdrop than the face emotions. Telephoto lenses are employed in situations like these.
The aforementioned items are some of the fundamental necessities for taking a standard portrait picture; however, in addition to these, one may also make use of several standard techniques in order to take an outstanding portrait shot. An astute portrait photographer knows that the fundamental aspects of a portrait, such as the subject’s posture, the lighting, the backdrop, and so on, may be used as useful tools for portrait photography.
It is not always necessary that a portrait with a smiling person as subject is a good portraiture. Instead, a serious or thoughtful expression can also create an effective portraiture of the subject. There are many elements that go into making a good portrait photograph, but the most important element is in the control of the photographer. He or she can make changes whenever they feel like it.
When taking a portrait photograph, it is important to remember that the subject, not the surroundings, should be the focus of attention. This allows viewers of the portrait to see more than just a recognizable photograph of someone and to draw definitive conclusions about the subject’s disposition, personality, or character. This is something that should be kept in mind at all times while taking a portrait photograph.